Selenium Automation Testing: Step by Step Guide for 2023

Testing that takes your team hours or days to execute manually reduces massively when automated testing is used. Functional automated testing – these tests verify whether an application’s features match the expectations outlined in the requirements. An example of functional testing is checking whether you can share notes with other users.

What is test automation with example

The new test engineers can easily use the QTP tool because it allows them to develop the test cases right from the application. Therefore, it is significant to place all the team members to categorize the test automation objectives and set targets. Miscommunication or lack of proper collaboration between the developer and the test engineers’ team and operations teams does not lead us to successful test automation. In other words, we can say that the main concentration of test Automation is to change the manual human activity with systems or devices.

How Do You Run the Test Script?

To construct a great test automation strategy you wish to be recognizable with the test automation life cycle. While the reusability of automated tests is valued by software development companies, this property can also be viewed as a disadvantage. It leads to the so-called “Pesticide Paradox”, where repeatedly executed scripts stop detecting errors that go beyond their frameworks. This ambiguity once again leads to the conclusion that the decision on test automation should be made individually, keeping in mind project requirements and peculiarities.

  • SoapUI tool offers a fast and efficient framework which creates many web service tests.
  • These verify the overall performance of a system by checking response times and stability during the load.
  • There are hundreds of QA testing automation tools available on the market; choosing the one that best suits your requirements can make your head spin.
  • A unit test is a different software testing method that can be combined with automated testing.
  • The idea behind code-driven testing is to use a programming language to write the unit test instead of using an external tool that provides a testing framework.

Test case execution can be started after the successful completion of test planning. In software testing, automation testing is required to test the application because it offers us a better application with less effort and time. In the earlier article on software testing, we learned that software testing is classified into two types of testing, which are Manual testing and Automation testing.

Types of Functional

So for this UI screen, testers saved possibly hundreds of lines of test script code. In a code-based test frameworklike Selenium, you will open up the code of the test script in your IDE, compile and run it. When the code executes, it will activate parts of the test framework that will open up the interface under test and perform the required actions on it. Writing code in a “real” programming languageif you take this route, you will typically still have the ability to record/playback and generate a simple script.

What is test automation with example

Using a test automation tool, it’s possible to record this test suite and re-play it as required. Once the test suite is automated, no human intervention test automation definition is required. The goal of Automation is to reduce the number of test cases to be run manually and not to eliminate Manual Testing altogether.

Measuring the business value of test automation

But most QA teams find that they are able to test only a small fraction of the functionality with their automated testing scripts. Test scripts are run by automation frameworks (sometimes called “test harnesses”). We provided several examples of such frameworks above HP QTP, Selenium, Appium, and Robot Framework. These kinds of frameworks know how to take a script written according to their specifications load up a user interface, actually simulate the user actions in the interface, and report on the result. The flowchart is not just a representation of an automated test case, it is a tool for actually activating and executing the test case. An automation tool built on this visual approach empowers testers to work with automation, without having to program.

What is test automation with example

These test scenarios provide a high-level overview of what QA should test in terms of user workflows and end-to-end functionality to confirm that the system satisfies customer requirements. In this article, let’s understand how to create test cases for automated testing. Essentially, with on-cloud testing, QA teams can execute automated tests across a wide range of browsers and devices instead of investing into physical machines. This practice can bring the agility, flexibility, and cost savings needed to deliver high-quality software. Cloud testing environment can accurately simulate the real-world conditions in which the application will be used, minus the cost of setting up the right hardware-software configuration.

Introduction to Selenium Automation Testing

Sometimes, this includes scanning every line of code as a separate piece instead of a part of the whole application. While this can help prevent bugs, it limits the assessment of the overall solution. CI involves frequent and isolated code changes, as well as immediate testing at each stage of completion before the CI pipeline adds an update to a larger codebase. CD enables executable code updates to go live in staging or production environments; typically any commit that passes automated integration or other forms of big-picture tests is a valid candidate for release. Some test automation tools have reporting capabilities that log each test script in order to show users the status of every test. A tester can then compare the results with other reports to assess how the software operates compared to expectations and requirements.

Non-functional testing focuses on how well application functions are doing, not on what the product does. It is the opposite of functional testing, where application elements like reliability, usability, performance, etc., are tested. Some types of non-functional testing are reliability testing, load testing, compatibility testing, performance testing, security testing etc.

What is Automated Testing?

Typically, only lightweight tests such as unit tests are run as part of the build process, and user interface test scripts which are “heavier” and take more time, are run infrequently or only in special cases. Many test automation tools provide record and playback features that allow users to interactively record user actions and replay them back any number of times, comparing actual results to those expected. The advantage of this approach is that it requires little or no software development. This approach can be applied to any application that has a graphical user interface. However, reliance on these features poses major reliability and maintainability problems.